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Common Causes of Vertigo

Vertigo is a type of dizziness that makes people feel as though the world is spinning around them. The feeling last for hours or days. The dizziness can make people feel nauseous to the point of vomiting, suffer from headaches, have double vision and an accelerated heartbeat. With all of these symptoms, some people often wonder what causes vertigo.

The Causes of Vertigo

It can be difficult to know what causes vertigo. Most people are suffering from one of the following when they suffer from this condition:

  1. Inner ear infection
  2. Ear disease

Ear diseases that cause vertigo are Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), Vestibular Neuritis, and Meniere’s disease.

what_can_cause_vertigo-1BPPV

When calcium builds up in the inner ear canal, dizziness can occur for 20 seconds to as much as a minute. Calcium buildup often occurs after head trauma, but it can also occur simply by moving the head in a certain direction.

Vestibular Neuritis

A severe inner ear infection can cause vestibular neuritis. Iti is inflammation around the nerves. The nerves are what help the body sense balance. The inflammation around the nerves interrupts balance, which causes vertigo for as long as a day or more. In severe cases, this disease can cause hearing loss.

Meniere’s Disease

Meniere’s Disease is when fluid builds up in the inner ear. Dizziness comes along with ringing in the ears and hearing loss.

While inner ear infections and ear disease are the most common causes of vertigo, migraines and head injuries can also cause the condition.

What to Do If You Have It

Some people suffer from vertigo for a short time and then never have it again, while others can suffer from it for years. Since dizziness can be dangerous to your safety while driving or operating machinery and can be a signs of a more serious problem such as stroke, bleeding in the brain, or multiple sclerosis, it’s important to seek the expertise of an audiologist.

An audiologist will conduct a series of tests to reach a diagnosis. If vertigo is the cause of the dizziness you’re experiencing, medication could be prescribed. The most common medications are calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, and tricyclic antidepressants. Physical therapy may be recommended as well. Canalith reposition procedures, which are specific exercises that shift particles in the inner ear can treat vertigo effectively.

Contact Hearing & Balance Doctors today for an appointment. Our doctors are committed to providing you the best in audiology care.

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